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The impact of urbanization人文社科论文代写

时间:2018-05-22 18:44来源:EssayPhD团队 作者:EssayPhD团队 点击:

 The impact of urbanization人文社科论文代写

这是一篇关于urbanization的人文社科论文代写范文,assignment要求并不难,就是读几篇老师给的readings来做一个关于urbanization的response.   这篇文章主要讲的是urbanization对生活质量提升有影响同时,也带来一系列负面的问题。深刻影响着食物的供应,消耗能源、破坏环境等等。文章写的不深,根据assignment要求来写的,以下是这篇urbanization人文社科论文代写范文(本文由essayphd团队原创,请勿转载或用作其他用途)
Rapid urbanization at global scale has brought significant changes in both social and economic structures. More and more people flee into urbanized city center for better living conditions and opportunities. This issues is particularly severe in developing countries and bring great impact on agriculture model and food security.

Urbanization changes people’s dietary habits. People with better economic conditions, whether living in rural or in urban environment,  are more like to eat luxury food which consume much more energy during their production process, such as meat and diary products (Satterthwaite et al., 2010).  And in addition, the changing dietary habits imply an increasing reliance on transportation. People are more relying on imported food. On one hand, they would like to consume imported food which might be in better quality compared with local food. And on another hand, they have to consume imported food because the rapid urbanization gradually erode agriculture land nearby (Matuschke, 2009). Thus, more energy will be consumed during both food productions and food transportation processes. This will generated more green house gases and lead to severe environment impact at global level (Satterthwaite et al., 2010). In order to deal with those issues, an increase awareness of environment and sustainability among urban population is necessary and in addition, urban farming and supplementary agricultural land around city are all indispensable strategies as well.
Periphery nations  and core nations are facing different food security issues brought by urbanization. Urbanization is in accompany with the reduction of agriculture land (Satterthwaite et al., 2010). Transformation from rural population into urban population will also bring shortage of human capital for agriculture. And in addition, higher urbanization rates also raise demand in water for both domestic and industrial purposes. This leads to the increasing dry of soils and pressure on ecosystem (Matuschke, 2009).  All those changes indicate that there must be a challenge for food availability in the future at the global level. The decreased supply amount will result in the increase of food price globally. The price variation might will not bring too much influence for urban resident in core countries considering their personal income and economic status. But this would make significant impact for those urban poor in periphery countries since food consumption also takes a large proportion of their household budget.

Urbanization does not necessarily guarantee wealthy economic status of urban residents. Uncontrolled urbanization and low absorption capacities of those recently developed unban centers in peripheral countries brought and enhanced the phenomenon of urban poverty (Chen and Ravallion, 2007). Urbanization in periphery nations exacerbate the gap between rich and poor (Satterthwaite et al., 2010). Scholars have proved that in many areas, urbanization help decrease the malnutrition and increase dietary diversity (Satterthwaite et al., 2010). However, there is also research shows that urbanization also brought food safety concern to people in periphery countries (Matuschke, 2009). A large proportion of urban food is consumed outside of the house and in periphery countries, this need  is met by street foods. The poorer the population segments, the higher rate of household’ food budge is spent on street food (Matuschke, 2009). And since in many periphery countries, street stalls are not set-up with strict regulation. Urban population is periphery countries is more vulnerable to infection and the consequential morbidity and mortality. Satterthwaite’s research (2010) also confirms that the exacerbated gap between rich and poor made poor urban residents less economic affordable for food and consequently the malnutrition among this group will be even worse.

As a short conclusion, rapid urbanization brings various issues associated with agriculture and food consumption for both urban and rural population. And the urban population in periphery countries will suffer more from the negative impact brought by those issues.

Works Cited

Chen, S., & Ravallion, M. (2007). Absolute poverty measures for the developing world, 1981–2004. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences,104(43), 16757-16762.
Matuschke, I. (2009). Rapid urbanization and food security: Using food density maps to identify future food security hotspots. In International Association of Agricultural Economists Conference, Beijing, China.
Satterthwaite, D., McGranahan, G., & Tacoli, C. (2010). Urbanization and its implications for food and farming. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences365(1554), 2809-2820.

这篇人文社科论文代写范文写的比较general,配合学校要求来写的。相信刚出来留学的低年级同学有不少这样的作业,难度并不大,但是繁琐任务重。作业量多得应付不过来,需要帮助可以联系essayphd论文代写团队,保证原创。

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